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Project 6. Paid Sick and Family Medical Leave: Policy Implications for People with Disabilities

  • People with disabilities can be at increased risk for illnesses and medical issues, as shown by their higher numbers of doctor’s office and hospital visits on average (Kruse, 1998: 20). Since these illnesses and medical issues often require absence from work, people with disabilities may especially benefit from paid sick leave and paid family and medical leave.
  • Using a quasi-experimental framework, we will do pre/post comparisons of employment outcomes of people with disabilities in the 12 states that have mandated some form of paid sick leave, and the 5 states that have mandated paid family and medical leave, compared to otherwise-similar states that have not mandated these policies.
  • In addition we will use a quasi-experimental framework in analyzing the effects of the federal requirement under the 2020 Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security” (CARES) for employers with 50-499 employees to provide paid sick leave.
  • We will compare outcomes including a) use of paid sick leave, b) employment rates, c) pay levels, and d) job retention for employees with and without disabilities in firms required to provide paid leave.